(v) After the words how, when, what and where an To-infinitive should be used. Supply the correct verb form: 1. Examples and exercises, Determiners, Classes of Determiners, Examples & Exercises. He need hardly tell you how sorry we are. This is a 2-page worksheet for revising the differences between to-infinitive and infinitive without to. (ii) To qualify a noun: The most common is the “to do” form of the verb, as in “I want to study English”, which we use after many verbs.. There’s also the “bare infinitive” (infinitive without “to”) which we use after modal verbs, other auxiliary verbs, or certain other verbs in the active voice, such as make or let. 2 She can (sing) quite well. A simple infinitive can be used as: I used up early. We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. (v) After the words how, when, what and where an To-infinitive should be used. Let him sit there. Sentence 1 with the bare infinitive “tackle” belongs to the second category, and it just so happens this sentence reads and sounds better than Sentence 2 with the full infinitive “to tackle.”. (vi) Complement to a verb: For two weeks she did nothing but ______ (bask) in the sun. Choose the correct form (infinitive with or without to). Gerund - Infinitive -Bare infinitive Complete with the gerudn, infinitive or bare infinitive form of the verb ID: 1192097 Language: English School subject: English as a Second Language (ESL) Grade/level: Intermediate Age: 15+ Main content: Gerund or Infinitive Other contents: 5. My little sister learns . Bare-infinitives. He was observed to steal my book. To be or not to be! © 2009-2021. II. (i) To qualify a Verb, usually to express purpose, as: (i) We use bare infinitive after modal auxiliary verbs (can, could, may, might, shall, will, should, must) except have to, be able to, ought to, need to. Therefore, the infinitive acts like a noun because an 'activity', an 'event', and a 'performance' are all nouns. studying to… 46. (iv) As a form of exclamation: He came to play match. To-infinitive . Qualifying Infinitive I. To-infinitive As a simple infinitive Este tipo de infinitivo se utiliza en las siguientes ocasiones: 1) Con verbos modales. to buy buying 3 Elise agreed ___ Chinese for six months. Another way to tell whether you have a bare infinitive or not is to replace the verb with another verb whose infinitival form is different from its present tense form. 2. Let him sit there. 1. 1 He made me (do) it all over again. The Qualifying Infinitive do the work of an adverb and an adjective. Exercises: Form -ing / to + infinitive / bare infinitive I Elige la opción correcta. There are different types of infinitive in English. Simple infinitive Uses of the bare infinitive. He can swim. English-efl.com. I cannot but stay here and wait for him. 1. All Rights Reserved. To-infinitive As Qualifying Infinitive How to Recognize Zero or Bare Infinitives "One way to figure out whether a verb is a bare infinitive or not is to simply remember that a modal is always followed by a bare infinitive, no matter how many verbs are in the verb string. (I'll ask/tell her to copy the document right away.) To-infinitive As Qualifying Infinitive. (iii) Object to the preposition: (i) We use bare infinitive after modal auxiliary verbs (can, could, may, might, shall, will, should, must) except have to, be able to, ought to, need to. The infinitive form of a verb, in English, is the form of the verb used to describe action of a non-finite duration, possibly with the word "to" attached to it, as with "to go", "to play", or "to study". 3. 1. (e.g. 1 Mary has agreed ____ Peter. The word “to” is often used with the infinitive, but is not a necessary part of it. In English, when we talk about the infinitive we are usually referring to the present infinitive, which is the most common. Ex: He made me cry. We must go now. Otherwise, use the bare infinitive. (i) To qualify a Verb, usually to express purpose, as: This is not the time to eat. English lesson B1+/B2 - Infinitive without 'to' (bare infinitive) - gramática inglesa - Duration: 5:30. Full infinitive, bare infinitive and gerund When to use infinitive, bare infinitive or gerund ID: 1201207 Language: English School subject: English as a Second Language (ESL) Grade/level: Intermediate Age: 10+ Main content: Grammar Other contents: Form of verbs Add to my workbooks (3) The girls are anxious to learn. I bade him go there. 4 I used (live) in a caravan. The bare infinitive is used as the main verb after the dummy auxiliary verbÂ, Several common verbs of perception, includingÂ, The bare infinitive is also used with several common verbs of permission or causation, includingÂ. (ii) After certain verbs we use the infinitive without “to”. (iii) If the verbs (make, see, behold, watch, hear, feel) are used in Passive-Voice the infinitive sign “to” must be used, as: I heard him cry. 2. Infinitive with / without to. Formal-sounding with the full infinitive: “She helped them to mount the rebellion.” Relaxed, informal-sounding with the bare infinitive: “She helped them mount the rebellion.” Again, as a rule, use the full infinitive as default to see if the sentence will work properly and sound right. This worksheet is a grammar explanation/theory of infinitive structures (full and bare) and can be used with some exercises based on this... 582 Downloads . Exercise 1. I. To-infinitive As a simple infinitive (v) Sometimes “to” is dropped after the verb “help”. Do you know how ______ (phone) to the USA ? He would rather starve than beg. Make him run. Una frase infinitiva es un grupo de palabras acompañadas de un infinitivo (no toda la frase es infinitiva). The full infinitive can function as a noun phrase. He was seen ______ (jump) from the bridge. Use of To-infinitive . We know the true value of a thing when we are about to lose it. I can do it . You need not ask such a question. Start studying follow by gerund or bare infinitive or full infinitive. We should work hard. He was seen to leave the place. (vii) If the verbs (make, see, behold, watch, hear, feel) are used in Passive-Voice the infinitive sign “to” must be used, as: Bare infinitive. Do not dare tell him what happened. The infinitive with to is called full infinitive ('to do', 'to be') The bare infinitive. He was bidden to keep shut. I could not decide what to say. In the end, the terrorists let the hostages go. (e.g. (c) the bare infinitive form? (purpose) This house is to let. (iii) If the verbs (make, see, behold, watch, hear, feel) are used in Passive-Voice the infinitive sign. Infinitives vs. Base F orms (Bare Infinitives) The base form of a verb is simply the infinitive without the particle to—like an infinitive, it is uninflected for tense and person. I shall invite them. They saw him ______ (jump) from the bridge. I am not sure when to start. List: The form without to is called the bare infinitive, and the form with to is called the full infinitive or to-infinitive. going, taking)? The conditions can be signified by an adjective. (iii) To qualify an adjective: Infinitive or Gerund. TO err is human. We eat to live. This material provides 5 exercises/49 sentences more than 50 gap fills to practice Gerunds and infinitives. Simple infinitive II. Full infinitive. The infinitive of a verb is its basic form with or without the particle to: The infinitive without to is called bare infinitive ('do', 'be'), The infinitive with to is called full infinitive ('to do', 'to be'). Here are some exercises on Full or bare infinitive. (ii) After certain verbs we use the infinitive without “to”. 6 You needn’t (say) anything. (iv) The infinitive without “to” is also used after: (b) the full infinitive form? It can also be used like an adjective or adverb. I am used to up early. 3 He will be able (swim) very soon. (The terrorists allowed the hostages to go.) The form of infinitive without “to” is called the bare infinitive. to go go 3 I asked him ____ me… You must at home. Answer: (a) the verb+ing form “He looked back without WAVING.” ***** When the word ‘need’ is followed by a verb, is the verb: (a) in the verb+ing form? 'Too' and 'Enough' When used with the adverbs 'too' and 'enough', the infinitive describes the conditions needed for something to be done. (The teacher forced Jack to rewrite the composition.) To play football, I went to ground. 5 You ought (go) today. The form of infinitive with “to” is called the Full-infinitive or To-infinitive. (purpose) When the infinitive is used like a noun, it is called the simple infinitive. His greatest pleasure is to sing. Have, let and make are followed by an object + bare infinitive:. I. The form of infinitive with “to” is called the Full-infinitive or To-infinitive. to go, to take)? Several common verbs of perception, including see, watch, hear, feel, and sense take a direct object and a bare infinitive. 1. be … He cannot us. (delay) by changes in the plans. Exercise on Infinitive and Gerund. He was made to understand. playing to play 2 My father can't afford ____ a new house. I can English. (vii) If the verbs (make, see, behold, watch, hear, feel) are used in Passive-Voice the infinitive sign “to” must be used, as: II. Tìm kiếm gerund full infinitive and bare infinitive exercises , gerund full infinitive and bare infinitive exercises tại 123doc - Thư viện trực tuyến hàng đầu Việt Nam I will pay you. Bare infinitive / Infinitive without to * V + O + bare inf - let - make - had better - would rather. had better, had rather, would rather, sooner than, rather than, had sooner, need hardly, cannot but; as: Qualifying Infinitive English Exercises > gerunds and infinitives exercises. They are quick to cheat but slow to beg. II. Your English Web: Weekly English video lessons 37,115 views 5:30 El infinitivo sin "to" (bare infinitive) se llama así porque carece de la partícula "to". The bare infinitive is used as the main verb after the dummy auxiliary verb do, or most modal auxiliary verbs (such as will, can, or should..) Examples: I do know him I do like you. Gerund and infinitive and bare infinitive upper... By MissFrancisca I would rather at home. Note . Bare-infinitives. El infinitivo del verbo "comer" sería "to eat" y el bare infinitive "eat". It’s not so easy to know when and why you need to use the bare infinitive (run, joke, make etc. Exercises: Form -ing / to + infinitive / bare infinitive III Decide cuándo el verbo va seguido de infinitivo con o sin to. to-infinitive or bare infinitive. You had better go there yourself. The infinitive without the marker to (bare-infinitive) is used after the auxiliaries shall, should, will, would, may, might, do, did, can, could, must, need and dare. (iv) To qualify a sentence: To-infinitive may be used as: I. Choose the correct form (infinitive with or without to or gerund). He likes to play. (iv) The infinitive without “to” is also used after: had better, had rather, would rather, sooner than, rather than, had sooner, need hardly, cannot but; as: (v) Sometimes “to” is dropped after the verb “help”. 4. The bare infinitive form of a verb is the same as the infinitive form, only without the word "to". go, take)? There are two forms of infinitives: High School - Nam Dinh Edited by Ng« Thu Nhµn EXERCISE ON GERUND, INFINITIVE AND BARE INFINITIVE I. It may be used: We have our homework. 1 Tom dislikes ____ football with his brother.